Futsal, a variant of association football that is played on a smaller playing surface and mainly played indoors, first started in Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1930, when Juan Carlos Ceriani created a version of football for competition in YMCAs. Its name is derived from the Portuguese futebol de salão and the Spanish fútbol de salón (colloquially fútbol sala), which can be translated as “hall football” or “indoor football”. During the sport’s second world championships held in Madrid in 1985, the name fútbol de salón was used. Since then, all other names have been officially and internationally changed to Futsal.
At first Futsal is played without rules, just an agreement between the team that one with his opponent. In Brazil, this version developed on the streets of São Paulo, and, eventually, a rule book was published.in 1935, began a marathon meeting in Sao Paolo, Brazil to formulate a fixed rule about how Futsal is played. The first agreement was made. Because of the condition, especially broad field, there must be differences between Futsal with the rules of football. Finally in mid 1936, a first regulations issued in the world Futsal. The contents do not vary much with the current FIFA rules. In 1954, the rules of Futsal was standardized. And after that, the development of Futsal in Brazil even more rapidly. Even Futsal began to spread into Europe with the transfer of people from South America to mainland europe, where they then began to introduce the game of Futsal to the European community. Slowly Futsal ultimately favored by the people of Europe, and even eventually to the whole world after that.
Futsal is played between two teams each with five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Unlimited substitutes per team are permitted. Unlike some other forms of indoor football, the game is played on a hard court surface delimited by lines; walls or boards are not used. Futsal is also played with a smaller ball with less bounce than a regular football. The rules create an emphasis on improvisation, creativity and technique as well as ball control and passing in small spaces.
In Indonesia, since the late 90’s, especially entering the new millennium indoor soccer began to grow rapidly that begins with the proliferation of places to play Futsal is usually rented out. Classy Futsal field, which usually covered with synthetic grass imported from abroad, the rent cost will more expensive that reached IDR250.000 per hour. Futsal field with repose only with cement, will cost more cheap rent price with about IDR60.000 to IDR80.000 per hour.
In its development in Indonesia, futsal is played by various groups, ranging from school children or college, office employees, and certain associations. Based on several testimonies, the sport was played as part of a healthy lifestyle for maintained the body’s stamina and health. Even some of the association held a futsal competition to foster a sense of community and friendship among them. Almost every day futsal field is always filled by those who love this sport.
- Soccer vs Futsal (ask.metafilter.com)